Nutrition Traits-Copy-with-spaces Expanded


Risk from Vitamin B2, B6, B12 Deficiency

Vitamin B is important in the formation of red blood cells, maintenance of neurological function, and synthesis of nucleic acids. Vitamin B is found abundantly in salmon and breakfast cereals. 

PMID

18162478 18789576 18483342 18672474 21489764 20390408 19336565 19744961
21178087 21255267 22015309 22103680 22649255 17115239 18098291 18199722
18708408 18842806 19330901 7563456 11382721 25590290 23440809 22884409
22652362 16183962 12446535 12829553

  

Risk from Folate Deficiency

Folate is involved in the synthesis of nucleic acids and metabolism of amino acids. It is found abundantly in spinach and asparagus. 

PMID

18162478 18789576 18483342 18672474 21489764 20390408 19336565 19744961
21178087 21255267 22015309 22103680 22649255 17115239 18098291 18199722
18708408 18842806 19330901 7563456 11382721 25590290 23440809 22884409
22652362 16183962 12446535 12829553

  

Risk of High Homocysteine 

Homocysteine is an amino acid implicated in cardiovascular disease and dementia. Homocysteine levels can be effectively reduced with consumption of B vitamins. 

PMID

18162478 18789576 18483342 18672474 21489764 17264883 20390408 19336565
19744961 21178087 21255267 22015309 22103680 22649255 17115239 18098291
18199722 18708408 18842806 19330901 7563456 11382721 25590290 23440809
22884409 22652362 16183962 12446535 12829553

 

Vulnerability to Alcohol

Alcohol abuse can reduce the body's absorption of nutrients. If consuming alcohol regularly, a diet abundant in vegetables and fruits is imperative. 

PMID

18162478 18789576 18483342 18672474 21489764 20390408 19336565 19744961
21178087 21255267 22015309 22103680 22649255 17115239 18098291 18199722
18708408 18842806 19330901 7563456 11382721 25590290 23440809 22884409
22652362 16183962 12446535 12829553

 

Risk from Vitamin D Deficiency

Vitamin D is involved in a myriad of cognitive and physiological processes, including brain, bone, muscle, and immune health. Maintain healthy Vitamin D levels with sunlight, fish, and dairy.

PMID

8845602 22193625 23700563 23134477 22422157 17903296 10931085 9525336

 

Risk from Choline Deficiency

Choline is an essential nutrient involved in metabolism, neurotransmission, and the structural integrity of cells. Eggs, fish, and cruciferous vegetables are reliable sources of choline.

PMID

21429654 17613168 16236726 17616785 19167960 25921832

 

Risk from Vitamin C/E Deficiency

Vitamin C and E are systemically important antioxidants involved in the maintenance of the immune system, and in the protection of cells from free radicals. Reliable dietary sources include seeds (E) and cruciferous vegetables/citrus (C). Adequate dietary intake of antioxidants can attenuate the effects of mutations associated with reduced antioxidant activity. 

PMID

22572643 18326615 17823442 18326615 12153964 26903639 22732554 11553769
18511640

 

Risk from Higher Cholesterol

The cognitive risks from high cholesterol and other markers of poor cardiovascular health are influenced by an individual's genetic profile.

PMID

10325447 15488874 19818961 17356695 17434289 26043189 18823527 25502880
18976728 19299407 19336475 19377787 19541455 19668339 19936222 20682755
20832063 22042884 24643340 17846408 25961184 21605054 22564824 15678256
9409329

Oxidative Stress Vulnerability

Oxidative stress occurs naturally in the course of life, and the body has evolved ways to mitigate the damage of reactive oxygen species. To promote resilience, consume fruits, vegetables, and exercise daily.

PMID

22572643 18326615 17823442 18326615 12153964 26903639 22732554 11553769
18511640

 

Risk from Betaine Deficiency

Among other functions, Betaine serves to protect cells, proteins, and enzymes from environmental stress. Reliable Betaine sources include whole wheat bread, shrimp, and spinach.

PMID

21429654 17613168 16236726 17616785 19167960 25921832 27342765

 

Risk from Calcium Deficiency

Calcium is involved in bone health, vascular contraction, muscle function, nerve transmission, cell signaling, and hormonal secretion. Find calcium abundantly in dairy and fish.

PMID

8845602 22193625 23700563 23134477 22422157 17903296 22193625 10931085
9525336

 

Mediterranean Diet

A Mediterranean diet is centered around vegetables, legumes, olive oil, whole grains, and fish, with moderate consumption of dairy and eggs. This diet is associated with a longer life and improved cognition.

PMID

10325447 15488874 19818961 17356695 17434289 26043189 18823527 25502880
18976728 19299407 19336475 19377787 19541455 19668339 19936222 20682755
20832063 22042884 24643340 17846408 25961184 21605054 22564824 15678256
9409329

Plant-Based Mediterranean Diet

A Mediterranean diet is centered around vegetables, legumes, olive oil, whole grains, and fish, with moderate consumption of dairy and eggs. This diet is associated with a longer life and improved cognition.

PMID

10325447 15488874 19818961 17356695 17434289 26043189 18823527 25502880
18976728 19299407 19336475 19377787 19541455 19668339 19936222 20682755
20832063 22042884 24643340 17846408 25961184 21605054 22564824 15678256
9409329

Risk from Potassium Deficiency

Inadequate potassium manifests as fatigue, muscle weakness and cramps, bloating, constipation, and abdominal pain. Potatoes, tomatoes, and raisins are reliable sources. Mutations in the Vitamin D receptor are associated with risk of low bone mineral density. Low Magnesium can further increase risk of low bone mineral density.     

PMID

8845602 22193625 23700563 23134477 22422157 17903296 22193625 10931085
9525336 10197575 18575949 15817873

 

Cardiac Risk from High Coffee Consumption (873 ml+ daily)

Individuals with reduced activity of an enzyme involved in the breakdown of catecholamines have a higher risk of coronary incidence with heavy daily coffee consumption, defined as greater than 873ml of black coffee daily.

PMID

17008817 16878403 18729643 14513920 15673663 15076753 17211439 25871974
15901785 16869230 26549298 25394948 17146014 19278671 16857316 19417742
19071221 12595695 20071037 20070134 21120493 21130573 22337560 22528689
17299513 17483451 18213617 18235427 18436194 18755576 20627703 20728009
22024485 23269216 23278923 23440431 23715639 22900954 22258110 17205121

 

Age Related Vision Changes

Macular degeneration is influenced by oxidative stress and inflammation. The antioxidants vitamin C and E may offset age related oxidative stress implicated in macular degeneration.

PMID

22572643 18326615 22732554 22510306 25319011 11033038 22487578  

 

Risk From High Saturated Fat Intake

Guidelines around dietary saturated fat intake are evolving, but a standard guideline is that saturated fat should account for no more than between 7-10% of your daily calories. Certain genetic variants are associated with exacerbated risk of cardiovascular disease, relative to the population, when following diets high in saturated fat. 

PMID

10325447 15488874 19818961 17356695 17434289 26043189 18823527 25502880
18976728 19299407 19336475 19377787 19541455 19668339 19936222 20682755
20832063 22042884 24643340 17846408 25961184 21605054 22564824 15678256
9409329

 

end